Gaza. Sindromul "tragem plângând" şi chestiunea "reacţiei disproporţionate"

ianuarie 7, 2009 0

Au fost multe discutii despre Gaza şi relaţiile Israel-palestinieni zilele astea. O sa pun cap in cap doua articole aparute zilele astea. Cred ca pot ajuta macar la clarificarea pozitiilor de bataie in dezbateri daca din imaginile de razboi nu prea intelegem mare lucru.
Andre Glucksmann scrie in Le Monde despre cele mai intilnite sintagme in comentariile pe marginea luptelor din ultima săptămînă: reactie disproportionata, riposta excesiva din partea Israelului şi altele asemenea. Ba chiar face un sofism pe marginea unei eventuale reactii „proporţionate”:

Puisque le Hamas – à l’encontre de l’Autorité palestinienne – s’obstine à ne pas reconnaître le droit d’exister de l’Etat hébreu et rêve de l’annihilation de ses citoyens, voudrait-on qu’Israël imite tant de radicalité et procède à une gigantesque purification ethnique ? Désire-t-on vraiment qu’Israël en miroir se „proportionne” aux désirs exterminateurs du Hamas ?

În Guardian, Avi Shlaim, profesor de relatii internationale la Oxford (care a fost inrolat in armata israeliana în anii ’60), este extrem de dur fata de reactia Israelului si aduce in sprijinul sau exemple istorice:

Israel likes to portray itself as an island of democracy in a sea of authoritarianism. Yet Israel has never in its entire history done anything to promote democracy on the Arab side and has done a great deal to undermine it. Israel has a long history of secret collaboration with reactionary Arab regimes to suppress Palestinian nationalism. Despite all the handicaps, the Palestinian people succeeded in building the only genuine democracy in the Arab world with the possible exception of Lebanon. In January 2006, free and fair elections for the Legislative Council of the Palestinian Authority brought to power a Hamas-led government. Israel, however, refused to recognise the democratically elected government, claiming that Hamas is purely and simply a terrorist organisation.

De reţinut expresia „bokhim ve-yorim”:

As always, mighty Israel claims to be the victim of Palestinian aggression but the sheer asymmetry of power between the two sides leaves little room for doubt as to who is the real victim. This is indeed a conflict between David and Goliath but the Biblical image has been inverted – a small and defenceless Palestinian David faces a heavily armed, merciless and overbearing Israeli Goliath. The resort to brute military force is accompanied, as always, by the shrill rhetoric of victimhood and a farrago of self-pity overlaid with self-righteousness. In Hebrew this is known as the syndrome of bokhim ve-yorim, „crying and shooting”.

Articol scris in colaborare cu Dragos Stanca
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